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Please send your manuscripts' revised versions, including your "Orcid Id", by email to both "dalkilic@yildiz.edu.tr" and "ahmet_selim_dalkilic@hotmail.com" as soon as possible. All authors (in your manuscript) Orcid Ids should be included in the manuscript.


If you have not sent your manuscript's revised version by email according to our template after a year from its acceptance, your paper's status will be changed from ACCEPTED to REJECTED in our database. We will wait your revised manuscript by email for only a year


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Publication Schedule of 2021 and 2022

March 2021 Regular Issue

JTEN-2017-43 Study and Modeling of a Heat Exchanger for the purpose of Air Conditioning a Space by a Canadian Well using Geothermal Energy

JTEN-2017-152 Heat transfer enhancement of lotus type porous heat sink with bifurcation under laminar and turbulent flows

Jten-2018-636 Thermodynamıc Investıgatıons On 227kwp Industrıal Rooftop Power Plant

Jten-2019-7 Comparison Study Between Theoretical Analysis And Artificial Neural Network Of The Capillary Tube

Jten-2019-33 Varıatıonal Model Of Thermal Explosıon In An Ellıpsoıd Of Revolutıon

Jten-2019-43 Analysis Of A Hybrid Cascaded Latent/Sensible Storage System For Parabolic- Trough Solar Thermal Plants

Jten-2019-50 Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization Of The K-Type Shell And Tube Heat Exchanger (Case Study)

Jten-2019-57 Numerical Investigation Of Heat Transfer Water-Cooled Roof İn An Electric Arc Furnace

Jten-2019-93 Thermal Design, Analysis And Test Validation Of Turksat-3usat Satellite

Jten-2019-101 Experimental Investigation On Thermal Behavior Of Hybrid Single Slope Solar Still

Jten-2019-124 Physıcal Effects Of Varıable Fluıd Propertıes On Gaseous Slıp-Flow Through A Mıcro-Channel Heat Sınk

Jten-2019-139 A Method To Predıct Foulıng On Multı-Storey Buıldıng Mounted Solar Photovoltaıc Panels: A Computatıonal Fluıd Dynamıcs Approach

Jten-2019-148 Convective Heat Transfer And Fully Developed Flow For Circular Tube Power Law Fluids Condition

JTEN-2019-149 Performance Of Rectangular Pin-Fin Heat Sink Subject To An Impinging Air Flow

Jten-2019-151 Numerıcal Study Of Turbulent Heat Transfer In A Horızontal Channel Provıded Wıth Square Blocks: Effect Of The Inter Blocks Spacıng

Jten-2019-176 A Revıew On Pulsatıng Heat Pıpes: Latest Research, Applıcatıons And Future Scope

JTEN-2019-183 Thermal Performance İnvestigation Of A Hybrid Solar Air Heater Applied İn A Solar Dryer Using Thermodynamic Modeling

Jten-2019-197 Thermoeconomic Analysis And Multi-Objective Optimization Of An İntegrated Solar System For Hydrogen Production Using Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

JTEN-2019-203 Numerıcal Investıgatıon Of Natural Convectıon Wıth Heated Tubes In Tunnel Greenhouse 

JTEN-2019-228 Effect Of Aligned Magnetic Field And İnclined Outer Velocity İn Casson Fluid Flow Over A Stretching Sheet With Heat Source


May 2021 Regular Issue

Jten-2019-230 Numerical Investigation Of Horizontal Magnetic Field Effect On The Flow Charactrestics Of Gallium Filled İn A Vertical Annulus

JTEN-2019-236 Parametric Effects On The Performance Of An Industrial Cooling Tower

JTEN-2019-238 Solar Absorption Cooling Systems :A Review

Jten-2019-262 Cfd Modelıng Of Slurry Pıpelıne At Dıfferent Prandtl Numbers

Jten-2019-290 A Systematıc Graphıcal Method For Synthesıs Of Heat Exchanger Networks

Jten-2019-297 Influence Of Relaxatıon Tımes On Heat Transfer In Human Head Exposed To Mıcrowave Frequencıes

Jten-2019-324 Thermal Numerıcal Investıgatıon Of A Small Parabolıc Trough Collector Under Desert Clımatıc Condıtıons

JTEN-2019-332 Performance Comparison And Investigation Of Two Different Renewable Energy Fueled Multigeneration Systems

JTEN-2019-333 Performance Analysis Of A Micro Heat Exchanger İn Electronic Cooling Applications

JTEN-2019-337 An Estimation Method For Greenhouse Temperature Under The İnfluence Of Evaporative Cooling System

JTEN-2019-361 Enhancement The Solar Distiller Water By Using Parabolic Dish Collector With Single Slope Solar Still

JTEN-2019-366 Optimum Design Analysis of a Solar-Assisted LiBr/H2O Absorption System with a Flat-Plate Collector

Jten-2019-371 A Novel Trı-Generatıon Energy System Integratıng Solar Energy And Indestrıal Waste Heat

Jten-2019-398 Performance Analysıs Of Adsorptıon Refrıgeratıon System Usıng Sılıcagel/Methanol Paır: Experımental & Analytıcal

JTEN-2019-416 Study Of The Flow And Heat Transfer Of A Viscoelastic Fluid Using Hybrid Neural Network-Particle Swarm Optimization (HNNPSO)

JTEN-2019-418 Performance Characteristics Of A Two-Phase Thermosyphon Utilizing R-407C For Various Inclination Angles And Filling Ratios

JTEN-2019-426 Flow Behaviour and Thermal Separation Mechanism on Vortex Tube

JTEN-2019-432 Numerical Investigation On Enhancement Of Heat Transfer İn A Ribbed Tube With Different Twisted Tape Inserts

Jten-2019-434 A Loop Thermosyphon For Lıquıd Cooled Mınıchannels Heat Sınk Wıth Pulsate Surface Heat Flux

JTEN-2019-444 Effect of viscosity on entropy generation for laminar flow in helical pipes


July 2021 Regular Issue

JTEN-2019-478 Experimental and Theoretical Study of Heat Power Generated and Fusion Features

JTEN-2019-484 Natural Convection Heat Transfer from a Horizontal Circular Cylinder Located in a Square Cylinder with and without Fibrous Porous Material

JTEN-2019-491 Parametric investigation of open-drive scroll expander for micro organic Rankine cycle applications

JTEN-2019-511 A Comprehensive Review to Study and Implement Solar Energy in Dairy Industries

JTEN-2019-520 Simulation of turbulent convective heat transfer of γ-Al2O3/water nanofluid in a tube by ANN and ANFIS models

JTEN-2019-537 Enhancement of Household Refrigerator Energy Efficiency by Studying the Effect of Refrigerant Charge and Capillary tube Length

JTEN-2019-541 Optıcal Numerıcal Investıgatıon Of A Solar Power Plant Of Parabolıc Trough Collectors

JTEN-2019-562 Experımental Investıgatıon Of A Scheffler Reflector For The Medıum Temperature Applıcatıons

JTEN-2019-578 Convectıve Heat And Mass Transfer Of Chemıcally Reactıng Fluıds Wıth Actıvatıon Energy Wıth Radıatıon And Heat Generatıon

JTEN-2019-605 Energy And Exergy Analysıs Of A Combıned System: Cascade Organıc Rankıne Cycle And Cascade Refrıgeratıon Cycle

JTEN-2019-646 Heat Transfer Analysis of Hybrid Active Solar Still with Water Flowing over Glass Cover

JTEN-2019-667 Numerıcal Sımulatıon On Performance Evaluatıon Among Metal And Oxıde Based Nanofluıds For Power Savıngs Applıcatıon Of A Cırcular Tube

JTEN-2019-669 Temperature-Dependent Partıcle Stabılıty Behavıor And Its Effect On Radıatıve Transfer In Water/Sio2 Nanofluıds

JTEN-2019-684 Experimental study of combustion of low-calorific producer gas from small scale biomass gasification within porous burner

JTEN-2019-690 Comparative Exergy and Energy Analyses and Optimization of Different Configurations for a Laundry Purpose

JTEN-2019-707 A Review on Convective Heat Augmentation Techniques in Solar thermal collector Using Nanofluid

JTEN-2019-728 Effect of Air Fan Position on Heat transfer Performance of Elliptical Pin Fin Heat Sink Subjected to Impinging Air Flow

JTEN-2019-733 Heat And Mass Transfer In Stagnatıon Poınt Flow Of Cross Nanofluıd Over A Permeable Extendıng/Contractıng Surface: A Stabılıty Analysıs

JTEN-2019-734 Energetıc And Exergetıc Performance Comparıson Of An Experımental Automotıve Aır Condıtıonıng System Usıng Refrıgerants R1234yf And R134a

JTEN-2019-737 A Numerical Study of Entropy Generation on an Oldroyd-B Nanofluid flow Past a Riga Plate


September 2021 Regular Issue

JTEN-2019-740 Experimental testing of Scroll Machine Driven by Compressed Air for Power Generation and Its integration in Small Scale Organic Rankine Cycle

JTEN-2019-754 Comparatıve Thermal Analysıs Of Applıcatıons Usıng Novel Solar Aır Heater Wıth U-Shaped Longıtudınal Fıns: Suıtable For Coastal Regıons

JTEN-2019-763 Effect Of Orıentatıon Of Ellıptıc Tube On The Total Meltıng Tıme Of Latent Thermal Energy Storage Systems

JTEN-2019-766 Factors influencing the performance of solar air heater (SAH) having artificial coarseness: A review

JTEN-2019-769 Simulation modeling and Experimental validation of solar photovoltaic PMBLDC motor water pumping system

JTEN-2019-771 Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Characteristics in an Offset Strip Fin Heat Exchanger

JTEN-2019-781 Analysis and simulation of thermal performance of a PTC with secondary reflector

JTEN-2019-784 Mıxed Convectıon Heat Transfer From A Vertıcal Flat Plate Subjected To Perıodıc Oscıllatıons

JTEN-2019-790 Influences of the dead end on the flow characteristics at the exhaust manifold of a marine diesel engine

JTEN-2020-10 Impact of Outer Velocity on Flow, Heat and Mass Transfer in Casson Nanofluid over a Non-linear Stretching Sheet

JTEN-2020-32 Numerical Investigation of Supercritical Heat Transfer of Water flowing in Vertical and Horizontal Tube with Emphasis of Gravity Effect

JTEN-2020-33 A Study on Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis of Solar Distillation System

JTEN-2020-52 Boılıng Heat Transfer Sımulatıon In Rectangular Mılı-Channels

JTEN-2020-69 Thermodynamıc Analysıs Of The Allam Cycle And Its Pressure Sensıtıvıty

JTEN-2020-74 Energy and Exergy Analysis of an enhanced Solar CCHP system with a Collector embedded by Porous media and Nano fluid

JTEN-2020-81 Experımental Study Of A Stand-Alone Earth To Aır Heat Exchanger For Heatıng And Coolıng In Arıd Regıons

JTEN-2020-87 Mixed Convective flow of Heat and Mass Transfer of Nanofluids over a Static Wedge with Convective Boundary Conditions

JTEN-2020-93 Comparison of Thermal Response Times of Historical and Modern Building Wall Materials

JTEN-2020-110 Numerıcal Comparıson Study On Heat Transfer Enhancement Of Dıfferent Cross-Sectıon Wıre Coıls Insert Wıth Varyıng Pıtches In A Duct

JTEN-2020-115 Experimental investigation on thermal conductivity and thermal degredation of Honge oil methyl ester with B-20 blend


November 2021 Regular Issue

JTEN-2020-156 Desıgn, Implementatıon And Analysıs Of The Overall Performance Of A Mıcro Hydro Turgo Turbıne

JTEN-2020-173 Parametrıc Study Of Natural Convectıon Showıng Effects Of Geometry, Number And Orıentatıon Of Fıns On A Fınned Tube System: A Numerıcal Approach

JTEN-2020-182 Micro-polar fluid flow induced due to a vertical porous surface with heat absorption and Joule heating effects

JTEN-2020-188 Turbulent Heat Transfer For Internal Flow Of Ethylene Glycol-Al2o3 Nanofluıd In A Spıral Grooved Tube Wıth Twısted Tape Inserts

JTEN-2020-196 Experimental investigation of heat transfer characteristics of an inverse diffusion flame in a coaxial tube burner for with and without swirl

JTEN-2020-203 Drop-In And Retrofıt Refrıgerants As Replacement Possıbılıtıes Of R134a In Domestıc/Commercıal Refrıgeratıon And Automobıle Aır Condıtıoner Applıcatıons

JTEN-2020-217 Enhancement Technique of Heat Transfer Using Inserted Twisted Tape

JTEN-2020-226 Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Different Types Of Turbulators On The Heat Exchangers

JTEN-2020-247 Experimental effect of inclination on the process of melting paraffin in a square cavity

JTEN-2020-251 Thermoeconomic optimization of a geothermal based trigeneration system equipped with an evaporative condenser

JTEN-2020-260 Influence of Convective Boundary Condition on heat and mass transfer in a Walters’ B fluid over a vertical stretching surface with thermo-diffusion effect

JTEN-2020-278 Thermodynamic evaluation and optimization of a double-flash binary geothermal energy system with an ejector-expander

JTEN-2020-296 3D investigation of semi-underground room comfort in a desert climate

JTEN-2020-302 Numerical Simulation of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Taper Helical and Spiral Tube Heat Exchanger

JTEN-2020-312 Heat transfer investigation of non-Newtonian fluid flow in an annular pipe embedded with porous discs: A turbulent study

JTEN-2020-330 Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Convection Heat Transfer in an Enclosure with a Vertical Heated Block and Baffles

JTEN-2020-334 Experimental Investigation on Thermal Conductivity and Stability of Water-Graphite Nanofluid

JTEN-2020-339 Analysis of heat transfer performance of the absorber tube with convergent-divergent structure for parabolic trough collector

JTEN-2020-352 A Numerical Investigation of the Species Transport Approach for Modeling of Gaseous Combustion

Jten-2018-122 Design, Produce And Control Of A 2-Dof Upper Limb Exoskeletal Robot


December 2021 2nd Special Issue of 2021

Jten-2018-218 Numerical Investigation Of Root Canal Irrigation By Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

Jten-2018-338 Building Integrated Honeycomb Layered Semi-Transparent Photovoltaic Thermal System

Jten-2018-339 Appropriate Saline Water Ratio For Thermal Heat Recovery In A Parabolic Semi-Transparent Pv Hybrid Systems

Jten-2018-482 A Combıned Experıment-Sımulatıon Study On Temperature Regıme Of Roller-Compacted Concrete Applyıng For Dam Constructıon

Jten-2018-571 Modelling And Simulation Of Solar Water Thermo Siphon Sensor Efficiency And Application For Different Sites İn Algeria.

Jten-2019-3 Effect Of Particle Size On Thermal, Electrical And Mechanical Properties Of Graphite Epoxy Composites

JTEN-2019-485 Bıo-Heat Transfer In Cancer Treatment Usıng Cryo-Freezıng Method

JTEN-2020-212 The Temperature Dıstrıbutıon Of The Wet Cylınder Lıner Of V-12 Engıne Accordıng To Calculatıon And Experıment

JTEN-2020-134 Topographical Thermal Imaging for Solid square shaft cooling

JTEN-2020-285 Advancements and challenges in the Fluidized Bed Gasification System: A Comprehensive Review

JTEN-2020-345 Thermal Analysis of Nickel Alloy/Al2O3/TiO2 Hybrid Metal Matrix Composite in Automotive Engine Exhaust Valve using FEA Method

JTEN-2020-481 NO formation and its reduction through co flow methane reburn in a pulverised coal combustion process under various overall equivalence ratio


January 2022 Regular Issue

JTEN-2020-355 Investıgatıon Of Lamınar Forced Convectıon Heat Transfer Of Nanofluıds Through Flat Plate Solar Collector

JTEN-2020-363 Three Dimensional Flow over Elliptic Cylinders Arrays in Octagonal Arrangement

JTEN-2020-386 Combined effect of variable parameters on the performance of gas turbine cycles

JTEN-2020-415 Heat Transfer Enhancement Of Hybrıd Nanofluıds:A Comprehensıve Revıew

JTEN-2020-374 Estimation of hourly global solar radiation using Artificial Neural Network in Adana province, Turkey

JTEN-2020-384 Numerical Investigation of Laminar Forced Convection and Entropy Generation of Fe3O4/Water Nanofluids in Different Cross-Sectioned Channel Geometries

JTEN-2020-389 A Review On Thermal Analysis Of Hybrid Greenhouse Solar Dryer (Hgsd)

JTEN-2020-398 Multi-criteria evaluation of the influence of air-water two-phase flow on the performance of horizontal double-tube heat exchanger

JTEN-2020-400 Performance of Phase Changing Material in an artificially created cold region to promote Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage

JTEN-2020-408 The effect of Nusselt number on a bi-viscosity fluid subjected to discrete heating effects

JTEN-2020-414 Examining Performance And Optimization Of A Cogeneration System Comprised With Allam Cycle And Med-Tvc For Generating Power And Drinking Water: Case Study: Kish Island

JTEN-2020-416 Thermoeconomical optimization of a regenerative air turbine cogeneration system

JTEN-2020-423 Numerical Investigation of the heat transfer enhancement inside a square duct with Rectangular Vortex Generators

JTEN-2020-436 Three dimensional MHD Nanofluid stagnation point flow with higher order Chemical reaction

JTEN-2020-453 Effect of HVAC system size on the optimum insulation thickness of the buildings in different climate zones

JTEN-2020-462 Numerical Analysis Of A Two-Phase Injection Refrigeration Cycle Using R32

JTEN-2020-466 Performance Estimation Of A Solar Chimney Power ‎Plant (Scpp) ‎In Several Regions Of Turkey

JTEN-2020-468 CFD Analysis and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger

JTEN-2020-469 Growth in Turbine Size and Technological Development of Modern Commercial Large Scale Wind Turbines in Turkey

JTEN-2020-473 Exergetic and energetic evaluation of an innovative solar air heating system coated with graphene and copper oxide nano-particles


March 2022 Regular Issue


JTEN-2020-490 Design studies on horizontal and vertical configuration of Ground Earth Heat Exchanger.

JTEN-2020-491 Experimental assessment of comparative R290vs.R449a refrigerants by using 3E (energy, exergy and environment) analysis: a supermarket application

JTEN-2020-517 Combined heat pump heating and ventilation system using heat of soil, sewage water and ventilation emissions


JTEN-2020-550 A Critical Assessment of the Implementation of Phase Change Materials in the VCC of Refrigerator

JTEN-2020-554 Heat Transfer Performance of a Radiator with and without Louvered Strip by using Graphene-based Nanofluids

JTEN-2020-561 An application of conventional and advanced exergy approaches on a R41/R1233zd(E) cascade refrigeration system under optimum conditions

JTEN-2020-566 Application of ANN and prediction of drying behavior of Mushroom drying in side hybrid greenhouse solar dryer: An experimental validation

JTEN-2020-591 Experimental Investigation of Effect of Hydrophobic Coating on Drag Forces over a Stationery Circular Cylinder under Laminar Flow Conditions





Free ICAME Istanbul Conference 2021 Registration Opportunity for TOP CITED 20 PAPERS

The TOP 20 list in the link below will be valid until 01.09.2021. Then, the researchers in the TOP 20 cited list will be able to benefit from free ICAME Istanbul Conference 2020 Registration. Please see the actual list from the link below.





Thermal conductivity of CNT water based nanofluids: Experimental trends and models overview 

P Estellé, S Halelfadl, T Maré
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (2), 381-390


Heat transfer performance of silver/water nanofluid in a solar flat-plate collector
G Lazarus, S Roy, D Kunhappan, E Cephas, S Wongwises
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (2), 104-112
20 2015
A More Complete Thermodynamic Framework for Solid Continua
KS Surana, MJ Powell, JN Reddy
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (6), 446-459
20 2015
Thermo-economic Optimization and Parametric Study of an Irreversible Regenerative Brayton Cycle
SC Kaushik, R Kumar, R Arora
Journal of Thermal Engineering 2 (4), 861-870
17 2016
The Micro-Scale Modeling By Experimental Study in PEM Fuel Cell
T Taner
Journal of Thermal Engineering 3 (6), 1515-1526
16 2017
Exergy-based thermodynamic analysis of solar driven Organic Rankine Cycle
JO Esa kerme
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (5), 192-202
16 2015
Computation of Optimum Parameters of a Half Effect Water-Lithium Bromide Vapour Absorption Refrigeration System
A Arora, M Dixit, SC Kaushik
Journal of Thermal Engineering 2 (2), 683-692
15 2016
Energy and Exergy Analysis of a Double Effect Parallel Flow LiBr/H2O Absorption Refrigeration System
A Arora, M Dixit, SC Kaushik
Journal of Thermal Engineering 2 (1), 541-549
15 2016
Power optimization of an irreversible regenerative Brayton cycle with isothermal heat addition
R Kumar, SC Kaushik, R Kumar
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (4), 279-286
15 2015
Performance Analysis of a Steam Turbine Power Plant at Part Load Conditions
AS Karakurt, Ü Güneş
Journal of Thermal Engineering 3 (2), 1121-1128
13 2017
Advanced Exergy Analysis of an Organic Rankine Cycle Waste Heat Recovery System of a Marine Power Plant
T Koroglu, OS Sogut
Journal of Thermal Engineering 3 (2), 1136-1148
13 2017
Applications Of Nanotechnology To Enhance The Performance Of The Direct Absorption Solar Collectors
AK Hussein, AA Walunj, L Kolsi
Journal of Thermal Engineering 2 (1), 529-540
13 2016
A More Complete Thermodynamic Framework for Fluent Continua
KS Surana, MJ Powell, JN Reddy
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (6), 460-475
13 2015
Inverted fins for cooling of a non-uniformly heated domain
E Çetkin
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (1), 1-9
13 2015
Biodiesel production and fuel properties from non-edible Champaca (Michelia champaca) seed oil for use in diesel engine
S Hotti, O Hebbal
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (1), 330-336
12 2015
Fundamental assessments and new enabling proposals for heat transfer correlations and flow regime maps for shear driven condensers in the annular/stratified regime
A Narain, RR Naik, S Ravikumar, SS Bhasme
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (4), 307-321
11 2015
Energy, Exergy and Sustainability Analysis of Two-stage Vapour Compression Refrigeration System
K Chopra, V Sahni, RS Mishra
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (4), 440-445
11 2015
Energy and Exergy Analysis of Cogeration System with Biogas Engines
N Doseva, D Chakyrova
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (3), 391-401
11 2015
Nanofluid heat transfer and applications
G Lazarus
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (2), 113-115
11 2015
Heat Insulation Analysis of an Aluminum Honeycomb Sandwich Structure
K Konka, J Rao, KSA Gupta
Journal of Thermal Engineering 1 (3), 210-220
10 2015

Please Read It Before Your Submission

1. Avoid using abbreviations in the Title, Abstract and Conclusions, if possible.


2. Papers published in our journal require some link to "applications" and "thermal processes" as part of the journal’s mission and scope. Address the application of your work, results or findings, while considering the wider readership of the journal. Appropriate actions to address this requirement include the addition of further content: a) focussing on specific thermal processes that occur as part of the overall study, and/or b) linking and discussing the implications of the reported research to stated application(s) of interest.


3. Manuscripts submitted to our journal are expected to be written in good English and proof read carefully to ensure that research is communicated clearly.


4. The Abstract should contain answers to the following questions: What problem was studied and why is it important? What methods were used? What are the important results? What conclusions can be drawn from the results? What is the novelty of the work and where does it go beyond previous efforts in the literature?  Please include specific and quantitative results in your Abstract, while ensuring that it is suitable for a broad audience. References, figures, tables, equations and abbreviations should be avoided.


5. The originality of the paper needs to be stated clearly. It is of importance to have sufficient results to justify the novelty of a high-quality journal paper. The Introduction should make a compelling case for why the study is useful along with a clear statement of its novelty or originality by providing relevant information and providing answers to basic questions such as: What is already known in the open literature? What is missing (i.e., research gaps)? What needs to be done, why and how? Clear statements of the novelty of the work should also appear briefly in the Abstract and Conclusions sections.


6. An updated and complete literature review should be conducted and should appear as part of the Introduction, while bearing in mind the work’s relevance to the journal and taking into account the scope and readership of the journal. The results and findings should be compared to and discussed in the context of earlier work in the literature.


In addition to these items above, your paper can rejected due to one of the reasons below.

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